Historical city of “Jaipur” in Rajasthan , also known as the “Pink City” because its structures is built in pink sandstone. The cultural city of Rajasthan in India attracts tourists, travellers, history buffs and researchers from different parts of the world. Jaipur shows the glory and grandeur of the Rajput kings.
Famous historical places in Jaipur.
The “City Palace” is a famous tourist attractions in Jaipur and it was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in 19th century. It’s beautiful architecture having 4 gateways or “pols” is a combination of Rajput, Mughal and European styles having courtyards, gardens and other creative structures inside the palace. Many parts of the palace complex have been transformed into art galleries and museums displaying the antique collection of armours, costumes, carriages and memorable things belonging to the royal Kings &Queens. The “Chandra Mahal” still serves as the home to the royal family of Jaipur.
“Hawa Mahal” is located very near to the “City Palace”. Rajput customs like Purdah System’ used to be very strict for the royal ladies in the past and were not allowed to go in public and interact with strangers. “Hawa Mahal” was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, in the year 1799 to allow ladies of the royal family observe the day to day life and carnivals celebrated in the streets of the city, without being seen by the common man. “Hawa Mahal” is Constructed with red and pink sandstone and symbolizing the shape of Lord Krishna’s crown, with over 900 carved “Jharokhas” or small windows having proper ventilation of the air in the palace, keeping it cool and airy.
“Jantar Mantar” in pink city Jaipur, is one of the most famous tourist attraction. Historians, astronomers from different parts of India and from other countries visit “Jantar Mantar” to see the astronomical skills of an Indian king. It was built in 1738 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, who believed in astronomy. “Jantar Mantar” has unique collection of astronomical instruments made of stone and brass. “Jantar Mantar” is based on the astronomical design principles of Hindu texts of astrology and modern science “Samrat Yantra” in the observatory is the world’s largest sundial.
Albert Hall Museum
“Albert Hall Museum” is the oldest museum of Rajasthan, located inside the ‘Ram Niwas Garden’ and founded in 1886 by Prince of Wales, Albert Edward, after whom the museum is named and was opened to public in the year 1887.A rare collection of ancient artefacts including paintings, weapons, metal and wood craft items, musical instruments, carpets, and costumes and jewellery belonging to different tribes of Rajasthan, and unique henna artwork and puppet collection. “Albert Hall Museum” is a best place in Jaipur for explorers, historians and researchers.
“Jaipur Zoo” is located very near to “Albert Hall Museum” in Jaipur. “Jaipur Zoo” is also known as the “Zoological Garden”. This Zoo was founded during the rule of Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II in 1877. Zoo has various animals, birds and reptiles like white peacock, parrots, babbling lorry, other migratory birds hyenas, spotted deer, crocodile etc.
“Jal Mahal” or “Water Palace”, ‘Jal Mahal’ is situated in the “Man Sagar Lake”, near Nahargarh Hills. It is one of the best photographic sites in Jaipur. Jal Mahal was built by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh around 300 years back. It is a good tourists place.Tourists visit the palace through boatsYou can see flamingos and various other species of migratory birds in Jal Mahal.
Amer fort is situated in Amer town. It is around 11 km dictance from Jaipur.”‘Amer Fort’” is one of the best tourist attraction in Rajasthan and is visited by thousands of tourists every year. It was built by Raja Man Singh I in 16th century having Hindu and Rajput architecture.Excellent architecture like “Diwaan-e-Khaas”, “Sukh Niwas”, “Ganesh Pol” and ‘Sheesh Mahal’ makes Amer Fort is incomparable. Bollywood movies like Mughal-e-Azam, Jodha Akbar have been shot in Amer fort.
Jaigarh Fort is situated on Cheel Ka Teela hill in the Aravali range. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the 18th century to protect Amber Fort and Jaipur city from attack of invaders.World’s biggest cannon, the “Jaivana Cannon” is still present in the fort.
Nahargarh Fort’ is another beautiful fort in Jaipur and was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the 18th century. Inside the fort ,you will find beautiful “Madhavendra Bhavan” ,a famous artwork and craftsmanship that shows the taste of Rajput Rulers. “Masti ki Pathshala” a famous song from the Bollywood movie, ‘Rang De Basanti’, shot in this fort.
Kanak Ghati or “Kanak Vrindavan” is a beautiful garden that is surrounded by the hills of the Aravali range. “Kanak Vrindavan” is 8 km. from Jaipur towards Amber Fort. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh,275 years ago. It shows the resemblance of Vrindavan Gardens near Mathura.
Inside the complex,you will see Shri Govind Deoji Temple”, inside the gardens with an idol of Lord Krishna.
Sisodia Rani Bagh
Sisodia Rani Bagh is another beautiful garden in Jaipur. Sisodia Rani Bagh was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1728.He gave this as a gift to his second wife, Sisodia Rani. The architecture of Sisodia Rani Bagh shows Mughal style having water channels ,fountains ,beautiful mural paintings of Radha and Krishna.
“Birla Mandir” is a great piece of beauty and is situated on “Moti Dungari” hill in Jaipur.Temple was built by Birlas in 1988, the famous industrialist family of India. “Birla Mandir” is Dedicated to Goddess Laxmi and Lord Vishnu, the temple is also popularly referred to as “Laxmi Narayan Temple”.
Govind Devji Temple
‘Govind Devji Temple’ is dedicated to Lord Krishna and is one of the most revered temples of Krishna outside Vrindavan and is located in the City Palace.The deity of Shri Govind Devji is believed to have been brought by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II from Vrindavan. The temple was built in such a way that the king could see deity from Chandra Mahal. Temple is visited by many tourists & pilgrims of Lord Krishna every day.
The “Galtaji Temple” is situated 10 km away from the city of Jaipur, and was built in the 18th century by the attendant of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, Diwan Rao Kriparam.
“Galtaji Temple” is surrounded by the majestic hills of the Aravali Range.You will see huge number of monkeys in the temple ,also known as “Monkey Temple”. It is believed that great sage ‘Rishi Galav’ performed a rigorous penance for 100 years. Gods blessed this place with abundance of water after . after pleased by his prayers,. This temple has several water ‘kunds’ out of which the “Galta Kund” is one of the most sacred.
Jagat Shiromani Temple
“Jagat Shiromani Temple” is situated in Amer town, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, Meera Bai and Lord Krishna. The temple was built in 17th century in loving memory of the eldest son of Maharaja Man Singh I and his wife Maharani Kanakwati. The architecture of “Jagat Shiromani Temple” is a unique blend of Jain, Hindu and South Indian styles. The was originally dedicated to Lord Vishnu, but the idols of Lord Krishna and Meerabai was later additions to the temple. Meerabai was the wife of a Mewar king and an was a devotee of Lord Krishna. Durng war between Mughals and Mewar rulers, the Krishna’s idol worshipped by Meerabai was brought to Amer to save it. This Krishna’s idol along with the idol of Meerabai is placed in the ‘Jagat Shiromani Temple’
“Chhatris” of “Gaitore”
Gaitore is a small valley on the Jaipur-Amer road and is located at a distance of 15 km. from the Jaipur city centre.It is known to be the resting ground for the departed souls of the royal Rajput family members.
“Chokhi Dhani” is an ethnic village and a themed resort and is located at a distance of 20 km. from Jaipur.It preserves the art and ethnicity of vibrant Rajasthan to get a glimpse of true Rajasthani culture. You can see dance with Rajasthani folk dancers, puppet show, palm readers, dart game, boat ride on the “Tal Talaiya” village lake.You can get Rajasthani meal in Chokhi .
“Elefantastic” is situated in the Amber town, is an interesting elephant farm . A trip to Jaipur is incomplete without elephant ride in “Elefantastic”. “Elefantastic” is run by a small family since the 16th century.They have been into the elephant riding business since the 16th century.
“Chand Baori” is a beautiful stepwell near “Harshat Mata Temple” in the Abhaneri village and it is Located at a distance of 95 km. from Jaipur. Stepwells was a concept to fight the scarcity of water during drought seasons. “Chand Baori” is one of India’s deepest stepwells and was built between 8th and 9th centuries.